Smart Cities -The next Big opportunity for Engineers

Smart Cities are being developed in almost all parts of the World now and its catching the pace in India too . India is a big country in terms of size and very small in terms of internet penetration .We are ranked 179 in the world in terms of broadband speed.Soon with new Govt taking smart cities to next level ,we can expect 100 mbps to 1 gbps as standard internet speed in india . Here is a simplication of how smart cities will create jobs but before that some easy stuff to understand …

What are smart cities?
There’s no simple definition for smart cities. The term encompasses a vision of an urban space that is ecologically friendly, technologically integrated and meticulously planned, with a particular reliance on the use of information technology to improve efficiency.

The Smart Cities Council, an industry-backed outfit that advocates the concept in India, describes them as cities that leverage data gathered from smart sensors through a smart grid to create a city that is livable, workable and sustainable.

What is smart about them?
According to the Smart Cities Council, all the data that is collected from sensors – electricity, gas, water, traffic and other government analytics – is carefully compiled and integrated into a smart grid and then fed into computers that can focus on making the city as efficient as possible.

This allows authorities to have real-time information about the city around them, and allows computers to attempt “perfect operations”, such as balancing supply and demand on electricity networks, synchronising traffic signals for peak usage, and optimising energy networks.

Why do we need them?
India’s is urbanising at an unprecedented rate, so much that estimates suggest nearly 600 million of Indians will be living in cities by 2030, up from 290 million as reported in the 2001 census.

Services which can be provided digital in these smart cities

Looking to cash in on the $ 600 billion Digital India initiative, global tech giant Cisco today unveiled a “smart city” model to demonstrate how smart networks can play a crucial role in areas like education, healthcare, work and electronic delivery of citizen services.

“The ‘Cisco Smart City’ is like a blueprint for the future of smart and connected communities in India. It symbolises what digitisation of a country means for the future of work, education, healthcare and the electronic delivery of citizen services,” Cisco Executive Vice President (Industry Solutions) and Chief Globalisation Officer Wim Elfrink told reporters here.

Alongside the hordes of Indians go the jobs and the money as well: a McKinsey Global Institute study estimated that cities would generate 70% of the new jobs created by 2030, produce more than 70% of the Indian gross domestic product and drive a fourfold increase in per capita incomes across the country.

“The cost of not paying attention to India’s cities is enormous,” the MGI report said. “The speed of urbanisation poses an unprecedented managerial and policy challenge – yet India has barely engaged in a national discussion about how to handle the seismic shift in the makeup of the nation.”

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